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Liver & Gallbladder
The Liver is one the most dynamic organ systems in that it has a major influence on a person's overall wellbeing. It has the nature of spreading outward and when it is congested it can constrict the body's blood and energy [Qi] flow. Known as the General it commands the movement of blood as related to circulation and a common sign of Liver Blood Stagnation may be cold hands, feet and mid-back pain. A formula based on releasing the Liver's stagnation is named Si Ni San or Powder of Four Cold Extremities with the ability of adding additional herbs for pain, digestion, jaundice and elevated blood pressure. Adjustments to a formula such as this one would require the Chinese Herbalist to get to know the person's exact pattern before making appropriate changes.
The Liver, related to the element wood and nerve function, regulates the nourishment of the tendons and ligaments, along with fats [the gall bladder] and sugar levels, metabolizes toxins, opens to the eyes, has an upward movement, deals with the emotions of anger, anxiety, and depression, relates to the sound of loudness, controls the Stomach and Spleen giving rise to digestion disorders [yet also assist the Spleen in the transformation of food by the Liver's Yang energy]. A very common formula that may help with digestion/energy disorders, amongst many other patterns, would be the Liver and Spleen Harmonizer Formula.
Its associated color is green [as with foliage growth] and its associated season is spring.
The Gallbladder, the Livers' associated Yang organ match, is the organ in charge of a persons decision making capabilities. A common formula that may be of benefit in helping to clear and regulate the Gallbladder [and Liver] would be the The Snake and Dragon Teapills. Some associated patterns might be: urinary infections, chronic red eyes, migraine type headaches, itchy/hot head and scalp, genital and anal itching, rash-type skin problems, ear infections, burning urination, herpes (shingles), irritability, pain along the outside leg and hip [following the gallbladder meridian] and gallstones. A specific pill that helps with cleaning the gallbladder of wet-heat is Ji Gu Cao Instant Tea.
The Liver is directly related to movement and motivation. When the Liver is functioning correctly, physical movement and mobility is free and easy. Decisions are made decisively and anger, depression and high levels of anxiety are filtered through and out. The reverse thought would be that a stagnant Liver would cause problems such as angry outburst, headaches [especially migraine type], anxiety and phobias, eye problems, chest and stomach pain, spasms, nervous disorders, chest and abdominal fullness, nausea, flatulence, drug withdraw problems, neck and shoulder tension, cold hands and feet [circulation problems], irregular menses or painful-type, hot flashes, restlessness, depression and insomnia. A formula that may be helpful might be the Liver and Spleen Harmonizer Formula or the Calm Liver Wind Formula based on Pattern differentiations.
The Liver's mother, based on the Five Elemental Theory, is the Kidney(s). The health of the Kidneys are directly related to the health of the Liver. Since the Liver distributes/circulates blood it looks to its mother for nourishment in the area of Blood and Yin. It is said that when one nourishes the Kidney's Blood and Yin it also nourishing the Liver Blood and Yin. Some possible problematic associated patterns might be: weak, burning and dry eyes, night sweats, hot palms and feet [especially in the afternoon or at night], dry eyes, amenorrhea or minimal menstrual blood, dizziness, constipation, weak nails and hair, memory problems, dark urine, chronic fever or sore throat, slow healing wounds, inflamed tendons and ligaments or diminished flexibility, insomnia, irritability and restlessness, ringing of the ears, low back pain, pale or flushed face and spasm or twitches. The Kidney Yin Formula or the Abundant Health Formula may be helpful for these patterns.
Some basic Liver disharmony patterns might be:
Browse these categories under "Liver & Gallbladder"